Water Resources Research Centre (WRRC), Quetta

Introduction

The WRRC Quetta has been established in Baluchistan to solve the water related problems of the province. The province experiences extreme weather conditions and low and erratic rainfall, therefore its land is mostly barren and deserted. Apart from traditional irrigation practices in canal command areas, Baluchistan does have the significance of possessing the traditional kareze irrigation system. The Centre has been assigned the role to initiate problem oriented research activities, in different disciplines of water sector, with a view to optimize water utilization with maximized efficiency. The WRRC, Quetta has been conducting and planning research activities for artificial recharge of depleting aquifers in Baluchistan through construction of leaky dams, check dams, watershed management; installation of wind mills and high efficiency irrigation systems; and productive use of wasteland and water resources for improving agriculture, horticulture, forestry and rangelands.

Objectives

  • To develop strategy to rehabilitate centuries old indigenously developed karez system and its interaction with delay action dams.
  • To study the siltation and sedimentation problems in the delay action dams.
  • To conduct studies and develop strategies, for the conjunctive use of water.
  • To develop methods and techniques, for the artificial recharge of the aquifers.
  • To analyze the water quality status of surface and groundwater.
  • To study the water utilization policies with respect to socio-economic aspects of the area.
  • To study and identify the development of mini-hydel power systems.
  • To conduct lysimetric studies, to establish the water requirements of different crops particularly orchards etc.
  • To study and promote local participation in the adoption of cooperative system regarding water use.

A field research station has been established on 8 acres of land near Agricultural Research Institute Quetta, to conduct lysimetric and other research studies. A set of six lysimeters having circular chambers of concrete have been constructed under the collaboration of National Drainage Programme where, studies for determination of crop water requirements of the orchards are under progress.

The Centre has a well equipped Water Quality Laboratory, with qualified trained staff to carry out the analysis task. The laboratory of the Centre has the capability to analyse the following water quality (drinking, irrigation, waste water) parameters:

Physical Parameters: Colour, Odour, Taste, pH, Turbidity and Total Suspended Solids (TSS).
Chemical Parameters: Alkalinity, Ammonia, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Carbonate, COD, Chloride, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)/Conductivity, Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate, Free Chlorine, Hardness, DO, Total Chlorine, Sulphate, Sodium, and Potassium.
Trace Elements: Arsenic, Copper, Fluoride, Lead, Manganese and Zinc.
Microbiological Parameters: Coliform and E.coli.

The Centre houses a small library, containing books and reports on the groundwater recharge, watershed management, desertification control and soil management etc.