Regional Office, Lahore

Regional Office Lahore

Regional Office PCRWR, Lahore conducts site-specific research on water related problems of irrigated agriculture in Northern Indus Plains including irrigation scheduling, efficient irrigation practices, groundwater monitoring and management, trans-boundary water related issues, water quality of ground and surface waters. The Regional Office was established with specific objectives as follows

Objectives
  • To determine the water requirements of major crops in the irrigated areas.
  • To carry out applied research on efficient use of land and water resources.
  • To design and develop various soil moisture instruments for efficient use of water.
  • To provide consultancy services to public/farming communities to develop and utilize groundwater.
  • To undertake monitoring of water quality in cities, rivers, and aquifers.
  • To maintain liaison and working relationship with various departments, universities, etc. in water sector.
  • To document and disseminate research results to farming community/end users.

Major Research Areas

1. Research & Demonstration Center

PCRWR established a Research & Demonstration (R&D) Centre in 2005 comprising land of 21 acres to research trials on water conservation strategies for Irrigated Agriculture. The Center is located about 4 km away from Sial interchange on M2 motorway in District Sargodha.

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2. Groundwater Investigations/Electrical Resistivity Survey

Prior to exploitation of groundwater, Electrical Resistivity Survey (ERS) is the most widely used technique to determine the target drilling and identify the nature and thickness of the aquifers in the areas of interest. The art of the state equipment followed by the interpretation of results by computer software is available with Regional office PCRWR for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the sub-surface water.

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3. Lysimeter Studies

Lysimeter name derived from a Greek word ‘Lysi’ meaning ‘Water’. Lysimeter is an experimental set-up comprising of soil-filled tank in which research can be conducted very precisely under well controlled conditions on almost all aspects of optimal utilization of surface and ground water resources. It is a basic tool to determine crop water requirement, crop coefficient, groundwater contribution, deep percolation, evapo-transpiration, solute transport and other related aspects of water management and sustainability of agricultural lands.

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Engr. Muhammad Dilshad Arshad

Deputy Director (Incharge)

Email: dil_ghick@yahoo.com
Phone: +92 42 35320484

Engr. Khuram Ejaz
Engr. Khuram Ejaz

Deputy Director

khuramkamboh@hotmail.com

Mr. Abid Bin Nazir
Mr. Abid Bin Nazir

Deputy Director

abn1au@yahoo.com.au

Engr. Zia ul Haq
Engr. Zia ul Haq

Deputy Director

engr.zia88@yahoo.com

Ms. Shazia Ghaffar
Ms. Shazia Ghaffar

Research Officer

shazia-ghaffar@hotmail.com

Muhammad Armaghan
Muhammad Armaghan

Instrument Officer

muhammadarmaghan772@gmail.com

Water Management and Conservation

1. Research & Demonstration Center

PCRWR established a Research & Demonstration (R&D) Centre in 2005 comprising land of 21 acres to research trials on water conservation strategies for Irrigated Agriculture. The Center is located about 4 km away from Sial interchange on M2 motorway in District Sargodha. Research activities at the Center are focused to enhance water use efficiency (WUE) by introducing adaptable water conservation techniques. Though, drip and sprinkler irrigation system have proved best WUE and saving of water 50-70 percent but its capital and operation cost is challenge of the farmer. PCRWR focuses on adaptable and economical viable techniques like bed and furrow irrigation, zero tillage (sowing of wheat followed by rice) and LASER land leveling by which 20-40 percent of water is saved in wheat and rice crop without compromising the yield. The Centre not only maintained its research impact on the farming community but also expanded its research findings to Punjab Agriculture department. Successful trials have been conducted to test water management technologies especially rice and wheat plantation on beds/ridges, Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) on beds and flat fields.

2. Groundwater Investigations through Electrical Resistivity Survey

Prior to exploitation of groundwater, Electrical Resistivity Survey (ERS) is the most widely used technique to determine the target drilling and identify the nature and thickness of the aquifers in the areas of interest. The art of the state equipment followed by the interpretation of results by computer software is available with Regional office PCRWR for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the sub-surface water. Technical assistance regarding groundwater investigation and management is provided to public, private and industrial sectors in groundwater and geo-technical disciplines on no loss no profit basis.

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3. Lysimeter Studies

Lysimeter name derived from a Greek word ‘Lysi’ meaning ‘Water’. Lysimeter is an experimental set-up comprising of soil-filled tank in which research can be conducted very precisely under well controlled conditions on almost all aspects of optimal utilization of surface and ground water resources. It is a basic tool to determine crop water requirement, crop coefficient, groundwater contribution, deep percolation, evapo-transpiration, solute transport and other related aspects of water management and sustainability of agricultural lands. Its use has been extended to other scientific fields, like quantitative and qualitative studies of the leaching from waste products or contaminated soils in order to evaluate the environmental impact of these materials. PCRWR has constructed eighteen drainage type Lysimeters (3m x 3m x 6m) at Directorate of Land Reclamation (DLR), Canal Bank Road Mugalpura Lahore in 1974, filled with four representative soils in the Punjab with close collaboration of Punjab Irrigation Department. This was the first lysimeters facility ever established in Pakistan. Regional Office, PCRWR, Lahore has conducted a series of studies to determine the actual water requirement for major crops under various water-table levels.
The function of “Lysimeter Studies on Soil Water Control” was to activate scientific research on various problems related with optimal depth of water table for different crops, irrigation scheduling, attainment of maximum crop yields with optimum use of water and other similar problems connected with land and water use.
At present, a research study is ongoing to determine crop water requirement of rice, maize and wheat crops. This study will help to optimize the irrigation events and formulate irrigation schedule for rice, maize and wheat crops in rice-wheat and maize-wheat cropping systems. Rice, maize and wheat are being used extensively in human and animal food.

Instrument Designing Cell

1. Tensiometer

Use of appropriate soil moisture instruments to monitor soil water status in the root zone of crops is vital for judicious and efficient utilization of available surface and groundwater resources. In Pakistan, use of such instruments is not very common due to high prices of imported instruments. In order to fill the gap, PCRWR established a Cell in its Lahore office for local designing and fabrication of soil moisture instruments (Tensiometer, Water Sampler, Water Bird, and Water Level Indicator) and this office has the facility of troubleshooting and repairing of the instruments.
Soil moisture tensiometer measures the availability or water potential of the soil.  This is a vital tool in irrigation scheduling also helpful for common farmers to have optimum irrigation interval. Readings are in units of pressure or more exactly negative pressure or suction expressed as centibars (cbar) or kilo Pascals (kPa).

Components

I. A porous ceramic cup possessing structural strength as well as permeability to water flow.
II. Rigid body tube; fully or partially (at least portion above Vacuum gauge ) transparent so that water within the tensiometer can be easily seen.
III. Vacuum gauge; measures water potential or tension in units of centibars (English system), or kilo Pascal’s (metric units).

(PCRWR) has made the use of tensiometers farmers’ friendly by colored ranges.

Blue: Soil is at saturation.
Green: Sufficient moisture available.
Yellow: Irrigate the field.
Red: Water must be applied without delay

Installations Steps

Step 1. Take de-aired water in bucket. If de-aired water is not available, boil water and then let it cool while covering it with a plastic sheet.
Step 2. Open the cap (lid) of the tensiometer and dip the ceramic cup in the de- aired water for overnight.
Step 3. With an auger, make a hole up to the required installation depth.
Step 4. Fill the tensiometer with the de-aired or boiled water, put the cap back tightly and insert gently into the hole.
Step 5. Refill the hole with the excavated soil gently.
Step 6. Record the reading (cb) when the tensiometer attains equilibrium.
Step 7: Calculate Available Soil Moisture Content, using Soil Moisture Curves

Benefits & Price

  • Improved plant strength More effective use of water (water efficiency and fertilizer) Reduce irrigation cost Better crop yield.
  • Rs. 3500 for 1 Feet and Rs 100 per ft extra up to maximum depth of 5 ft.

2. Water Level Indicator

Application

Measure groundwater levels in standpipes (Pizometers/observation wells).

The water level indicator consists of a probe, a graduated cable or tape, and a cable reel with built-in electronics. The probe is lowered down the standpipe until light and buzzer indicate contact with water. Depth-to-water measurements read from cable or tape.

Uses & Price

  • To monitor water table fluctuation during different months of the year.
  • Rs. 1300/- for 100 Feet

Water Quality Monitoring& Mitigation

Pakistan is facing problem of declining water availability and quality. Access to safe drinking water is critical health issue and challenge for the state. Drinking water sources, both surface and groundwater are contaminated with coliforms, toxic metals and pesticides throughout the country.
The Water quality laboratories at Regional Office, PCRWR Lahore, Sargodha, Faisalabad, Sahiwal, Gujranwala, Sialkot& Mianwali are well equipped for the analysis of drinking, irrigation and waste water. In a short span of time, it has upgraded its infrastructure and improving the quality of services rendered to general public/clients with its skilled and dedicated manpower.


A. Analytical Capability/Facilities

Microbiological Analysis


Total Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, E. Coli, Presence/Absence test for microbiology


B. Chemical Analysis


i.Physico-Aesthetic Parameter: Color, Odor, Taste, Electrical Conductivity, pH, Turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids, Total Suspended Solid
ii.Major Chemical Parameters: Alkalinity, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Carbonate, Chloride, Fluoride, Free Chlorine, Total Chlorine, Total Hardness, Magnesium Hardness, Nitrate (as N), Potassium, Sodium, Sulphate,
iii.Trace Metals Parameters: Arsenic,Fluoride

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Water Quality Laboratories Under Regional Office Lahore

Water Quality Laboratory, Faisalabad
Water Quality Laboratory, Faisalabad

Mr. Waqar Hussain, Research Officer (WQL)

Jaranwala Khuranwala Bypass, Faisalabad, Punjab
Email: waqar1214@gmail.com

Ph. 03324429027,
+92419210456

Water Quality Laboratory, Sargodha
Water Quality Laboratory, Sargodha

Mr. Khuram Ejaz, Deputy Director (WQL)

WQ Laboratory, Satellite Town, Sargodha, Punjab
Email: khuramkamboh@hotmail.com

Ph. 0300-6605803,

Water Quality Laboratory, Gujranwala
Water Quality Laboratory, Gujranwala

Mr. Amir Ijaz, Lab Incharge (WQL)

Peoples Colony, Kashmir Road near Sasta Model Bazaar, W-Block, Gujranwala
Email: amirijaz79@yahoo.com

Ph. 0345-7227676,
0304-7038373

Water Quality Laboratory, Mianwali
Water Quality Laboratory, Mianwali

Muhammad Farhan Khan, Lab Incharge (WQL)

Mohallah Munawarabad, Near Muslim Colony Mianwali
Email: Farhankhan.pcrwr@gmail.com

Ph. 0345-5838325,
0459-920311

MoST Visit at Regional Office, Lahore

Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) - Lahore

Feel Free to Contact Us
PCRWR, Regional Office, Lahore
6km off Thokar Niaz Baig, Main Raiwind, Road, Lahore
+92 423 5320484