Regional Office, Tandojam
Drainage and Reclamation Institute of Pakistan (DRIP) was established in 1975 under PCRWR with the mandate to conduct research in drainage and reclamation of waterlogged and salt affected soils, irrigation scheduling, efficient irrigation water management, groundwater monitoring and management, desertification control, saline agriculture, soil and water quality analysis. DRIP has successfully introduced and installed tile drainage technology on 1120 hectares on waterlogged and salt affected soils with active farmer’s participation. The following are the specific objectives:
- Drainage and reclamation of water logged and saline lands
- Irrigation scheduling and crop water requirements
- Surface and ground water resources monitoring and management
- Desertification control, rainwater harvesting and saline agriculture
- Soil and water quality analysis
- Coordination and working relationship with NGOS’s/INGO’s/public and private departments in water sector
- Documentation and dissemination of research findings to farming community/end users
|Officials||Designation||Area of Expertise|
Engr. Dr. Ghulam Murtaza
|Senior Research Officer||MSc. Ph.D (Chem).|
Hafiz Abdul Salam
|Director||B.E (Civil), M.E (Hydraulics & Irrigation)|
Mr. Ghulam Mustafa
|Assistant Director||MSc. (Agriculture)|
Engr. Mir Sobdar Khan
|Research Officer||B.E (Electronics)|
Engr. Muhammad Farooque
|Assistant Director||B.E (Civil), PGD.(Environmental Engineering & Management)|
Mr. Abdul Jabbar Pathan
|Assistant Director||BSc., M.A|
Mr. Muhammad Moosa Jaagirani
|Assistant Director||B.A, DAE (Mechanical)|
Mr. Abdul Ghaffar
Ms. Nasreen Pathan
|Assistant Scientific Officer||M.Sc (Chem)|
Mr. Pervez Ahmed
|Assistant Scientific Officer||Assistant Scientific Officer|
1. Research and Demonstration (R&D) Farm
The Drainage and Reclamation Institute of Pakistan (DRIP) is located at Tando Qaiser Road Tando Jam about 18 kilometers in the east of Hyderabad. The research activities at R&D farm (22 acres) are focused on crop water requirement and water conservation techniques to enhance the water productivity. DRIP research farm has attractive orchards of Mango, Guava, Lemon, and Jujube. This office has conducted research on wheat, cotton, sugarcane and banana on raised beds, bed & furrow, ridges and disseminated to the farmers for broader adaptation.
2. Lysimeteric Studies
The Lysimeter is an experimental setup in which soil water relationship are studied under controlled conditions. Lysimeter name derived from a Greek word ‘Lysi’ meaning ‘Water’. There are 12 conventional type lysimeters, each measuring 3m x 3m x 5m. The farmers are applying the water to the crops without knowing the actual crop water requirement. To overcome this problem, the water requirements of the major crops namely wheat, cotton, sugarcane, rice, rapeseed-mustard, chili, sesame and sunflower have been determined through Lysimeter. The results and findings have been published and disseminated to the end users/farmers through farmer’s days.
3. Agro Meteorological Station
An agro-meteorological station was established in March 1986 at DRIP. Meteorological parameters such as temperature, relative humidity, pan-evaporation, wind velocity, wind direction, sunshine hours, precipitation, wet and dry bulb temperatures etc. are recorded and compiled on regular basis. Potential or reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are calculated on daily and hourly basis using Modified Penman equation. The data is shared with different research organizations and university students in pursuing their research work for Master or PhD degrees.
4. Groundwater Investigations and GIS Mapping
To identify the fresh groundwater pockets in Sindh, Electrical Resistivity Survey (ERS) has been used. Through this method, resistivity values are calculated to determine the geological information of substrata, groundwater quality and aquifer thickness. The groundwater quality is divided into four water quality zones: freshwater (EC<1.5 dS/m), marginal quality water (EC 1.6-2.5 dS/m), saline water (EC 2.6-4.0 dS/m) and highly saline water (EC >4 dS/m). The DRIP office has equipment called Terra Meter used for groundwater investigation. This office is providing consultancy to different public and private organizations for identification and demarcation of groundwater quality.
Field Research Station
The DRIP has established the Field Research Station comprising 200 acres at Khario Nara, Mithi. The station is located at Chailhar road about 12 km away in North of District Mithi. The research activities are desertification control, rainwater harvesting, saline agriculture, rangeland management, pitcher irrigation system and conjunctive use of rain and ground water. Two rainwater harvesting ponds, tube well with EC 9.0 dS/m and fish farm have been developed at Field Station, Mithi. A meteorological observatory is also established at the station. The data on rainfall, maximum and minimum temperatures, relative humidity, wind speed and direction is recorded regularly.
Soil and Water Quality Laboratory of DRIP
The Soil and Water Quality Laboratory has been equipped with the latest instruments/equipment and qualified trained staff to carry out analysis. The water quality laboratory is equipped with water testing facility of the following important parameters:
Physical Parameters: Colour, Odour, Taste, pH, Turbidity and Total Suspended Solids (TSS).
Chemical Parameters: Alkalinity, Ammonia, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Carbonate, COD, BOD, Chloride, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)/Conductivity, Nitrate, Nitrite, Phosphate, Free Chlorine, Hardness, DO, Total Chlorine, Sulphate, Sodium, and Potassium.
Trace Elements: Arsenic, Copper, Fluoride, Iron, Lead, Manganese and Zinc.
Microbiological Parameters: Coliform and E.coli.
Soil Parameters: ECe, pH, CO3, HCO3, Cl, SO4, Ca+Mg, Na, K, SAR, ESP, soil textural analysis (relative percentage of sand, silt and clay particles).
Sub-Regional Water Quality Laboratories
The Water Quality Laboratories of Karachi, Hyderabad, Badin and Shaheed Benazir Abad are also equipped with the state of the art facilities and are providing service to the public and private sectors, under the administrative control of DRIP.
Documentation and Dissemination
The drainage and reclamation technologies developed by DRIP have proved highly useful, to achieve a significant increase in the yield of crops and economic returns from the farms. Documentation and dissemination of research findings/results, in the form of brochures, booklets and documentaries to the farming community/end users, through farmer field days, expert field visits, seminars, workshops etc. is a regular activity of DRIP.
The Institute has a modest but a specialized library holding of about 4000 books, journals and technical reports on agriculture, irrigation, drainage, land reclamation and related fields. Domestic as well as foreign journals create an added interest. Bibliographies on land and water development are also available. The services of this library are also available to out door researchers and students.
The advisory services are provided to the concerned farmers/end users/beneficiaries/stake holders regarding crop water requirement, best water management practices, reclamation of water logged and saline soils, surface and ground water quality analysis.