Government of Pakistan
Ministry of Science and Technology
PAKISTAN COUNCIL OF RESEARCH IN WATER RESOURCES (PCRWR)
"Water Research for Changing World"
The Water Management, Desertification Control and Water Quality Sections of the Council are responsible for conducting, coordinating, monitoring and reporting the research and development activities, in their respective disciplines, being executed at Islamabad and Regional Centres (Lahore, Bhawalpur, Tandojam, Quetta, and Peshawer). The objectives of establishing research and development activities at PCRWR Headquarter Islamabad are given below.
The NWQL is a premier laboratory of water quality in Pakistan. In a short span of time, it has established itself as a centre of excellence in water quality management, by upgrading its infrastructure and improving the expertise of its professionals. It has the capacity to analyze more than 114 water quality parameters (drinking, irrigation and wastewater) and is fully capable to support industry, research institutes and universities in this area. The NWQL hasthree main sections: Microbiological Analysis Section; Chemical Analysis Section; and Wastewater Analysis Section. The National Water Quality Laboratory has the capability to analyze the following physical, chemical, microbiological parameters and trace elements. Physical/Aesthetic Parameters: Colour, Odour, pH, Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Turbidity and Taste. Chemical Parameters: Alkalinity, Ammonia, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Carbonate, Chloride, Conductivity/Total Dissolved Salts (TDS), Fluoride, Free Chlorine, Magnesium, Nitrate, Nitrite, Nitrogen, Phosphate, Phosphorus, Hardness, Sodium, Sulphate, 54 Potassium, Persistent Organic Pollutants, Oil and Grease, Silica, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Free CO2 and Chlorine. Trace Elements:Arsenic, Boron, Cadmium, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury and Zinc. Microbiological Parameters: Total Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, E. Coli, Total Plate Count. The Laboratory has achieved continuation of accreditation for 26 water quality parameters, after the successful surveillance audit of the Laboratory Quality System. After which a full assessment of NWQL simultaneously by Norwegian Akkrediterign (NA) and Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC) on September 8-9, 2010 and another full assessment by PNAC on February 19-20, 2013 have been conducted. The last assessment audit was performed by PNAC on July 2015.
The Council has successfully established Geographic Information System (GIS) Hydrologic Modeling Centre (HMC) at PCRWR Headquarter, Islamabad. The research facilities are briefly described below: Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) Centre: GIS is a state of the art system of hardware, software and procedures to facilitate the management, manipulation, analysis, modeling, representation and display of spatial data to solve complex problems regarding planning and management of resources, whereby remotely sensed data is mostly used in addition to manual data. The GIS and RS Centre now been completely established at the PCRWR Headquarter with state-of the-art equipment, professionals and inter-alia latest GIS/RS softwares that are being used to manage visualize and analyze the homogeneous/heterogeneous spatial datasets and subsequently results/recommendations are disseminated to the concerned authorities. Hydrological Modeling Centre (HMC): The Hydrological Modeling Centre is fully equipped with latest modeling tools and softwares. Hydrological modeling is the assessment, monitoring, prediction and analysis of surface and groundwater resources. The interdisciplinary nature of water resource problems require the integration of technical, economic, environmental, social, and legal aspects, into a coherent analytical framework. With increasing competition for water across sectors and regions, the river basin has been recognized as the appropriate unit of analysis, for addressing the challenges of water resources management. Modeling at this scale can provide essential information for policymakers to help decision making. These facilities help in conducting research activities in areas of waterlogging, salinization, groundwater mining, water pollution and flood forecasting. The regional issues in addition to those at national scale can also be simulated by utilizing fine resolution data.Groundwater Management and Investigation Cell
The state of art equipment is available with the PCRWR Headquarter, Islamabad for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the sub-surface water. The Council has conducted a number of exploratory surveys to delineate underground lithology of the aquifer as well as its quality and extent. It also offers its services for private sector on subsidized rates. The Council has indigenously developed low-cost water level indicators and hydro-salinity samplers for the measurement of water-table depth and groundwater quality. The instruments are being extensively used in the field to develop maps for depth to water-table, as well as for physical ground truthing of the resistivity survey and spatial distribution of hydro-salinity.Mapping and Design of Soil and Water Conservation Practices
The Water Management Section of the Council is equipped with state of the art surveying equipment such as differential GPS, Total Station, Map Digitizers etc; processing softwares like ArcGIS, Surfer, Coordinate Translators, Erdas Imagine; jumbo size peripheral devices such as plotters and scanners, under the use of highly skilled professionals. The Council has conducted a number of surveys in remote and rugged areas to develop comprehensive 2-D and 3-D topographic maps in order to plan and design various soil and water conservation and management practices like, rainwater harvesting, surface and lift irrigation systems, mini and small dams, storm water drainage channels, artificial groundwater recharge structures, farm layout improvements, precision land leveling, high efficiency irrigation systems, construction of retaining walls and check structures etc. The Council also offers those services and consultancies on subsidized rates, to public and private sector organizations and farmers.
Soil Physics is an important discipline that deals with physical properties and processes of soil for assessment of its behavior under natural and managed conditions. It applies principle of physics, physical chemistry, engineering and metrology for addressing the problems and issues of hydrology, ecology, agriculture and engineering. To meet the emerging challenges in these fields, PCRWR has established a Soil Physics Laboratory at its Headquarters Islamabad. The laboratory is equipped with facilities of determining soil physical, hydraulic and chemical properties. The equipment commissioned in the laboratory include Soil Moisture Extractor Apparatus for developing Soil Moisture Retention Curve from 1 bar to 15 bar, and Heins Apparatus for the retention curve from 0 to 0.2 bar, soil texture analysis by hydrometer and pipette methods, soil texture analysis by mechanical shaker, soil chemical analysis by getting soil saturated extract, Infiltrometers tests etc. Time Domain Reflectometer for manual as well as automatic real time monitoring of soil moisture profile at multiple sites at desired time span and interval is also working in the laboratory. PCRWR has also developed a Laboratory Manual for facilitation of relevant researchers and technicians.
The innovation is a key factor for national industrial competitiveness, a Commercialization and Innovation Cell (CIC) has also been established at PCRWR Headquarter Islamabad, to manufacture, market and sell its products and services. Sale points have also been established at Headquarter and Regional Office/Centres under Commercialization and Innovation Cell.
Major functions of this Section are to collect process and disseminate national information related to water resources through library, databank, and regular/occasional publications of the PCRWR and other organizations. There are three sub-sections of LDIC, which provide the following facilitates in order to support the research and development activities. Library: A collection of more than twelve thousand books, journals proceedings and technical/research reports on water resources and related fields. The main function of the library is to provide standard library services to engineers, scientists, researchers and policy makers, working in the field of water resources. An access to ‘Digital Library’ through HEC for a number of multi disciplinary databases ia also available for the scientists/researchers of the PCRWR and other organizations, as well as students from different colleges and universities. Databank: There are more than 16000 bibliographic records available in the computerized databank pertaining to the library collection of PCRWR and its outfits, as well as WAPDA 56 Directorates, Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering Lahore, Irrigation Research Institute Lahore, Universities of Agriculture Faisalabad and Peshawar etc. Publication Section: Information is disseminated through regular and occasional publications of the PCRWR such as newsletter, research/technical reports, books, manuals, annual reports and proceedings of the seminars/ workshops etc.Back
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