Government of Pakistan
Ministry of Science and Technology
PAKISTAN COUNCIL OF RESEARCH IN WATER RESOURCES (PCRWR)
"Water Research for Changing World"
Study on Strategic Strengthening of Flood Warning and Management Capacity of Pakistan (UNESCO sponsored)Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) and UNESCO are developing a flood forecasting model to be used in Pakistan. PCRWR is determining soil physical and hydraulic properties to be used as inputs for the model. PCRWR has also established a state of the art Soil Physics Laboratory to determine soil physical and hydraulic properties; surveyed 97 sites in Pothwar region and in the four Doabs for carrying out double ring infiltration tests, resistivity survey; collected soil samples for texture analysis and laboratory based determination of soil moisture characteristics curve; generated moisture retention data from analyzing the collected soil samples; and developed lithology of soil upto 50 m depth.
Study on Assessment of Environmental Degradation of Manchar Lake (financial assistance of US-Pakistan Centre of Advance Studies in Water, Jamshoro)The environmental degradation of Manchar Lake has imposed adverse impacts on economic activities and livelihood of the local people. This study will help assess the health of the lake and to devise strategies for its improvement. Collected sixty water and soil samples have been collected from the body of the lake, surrounding area, inlets and outlets of Manchar Lake to evaluate the causes of degradation.
In 1996, United Nation University (UNU), Tokyo, Japan and Shimadzu Corporation, Japan initiated the project in Japan, Korea, China, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Philippine whereas India and Pakistan joined the project in later phases. Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) after joining UNU-ISP Monitoring of POPs in East Asian Hydrosphere Project in October 21, 2005, has contributed greatly in monitoring of POPs in rivers and Arabian Sea coastal line. Nineteen sites on different rivers and coastal areas of sea were selected for the monitoring of POPs under UNU-ISP project. Besides water, sediments and aquatic organisms such as shrimps, squid (Sepioteuthis Lessonia) and sea bass (Lates Calcarifer) were also studied. The targeted compounds on yearly basis were organo-chlorine pesticide (OCPs) in 2006-2008, Polychlorinated Biphenyl’s (PCBs) in 2009 and Polybrominated diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in 2010-2011 and Per Fluorinated Compounds (PFCs) in water 2012-15. The Phase VII has been started in January, 2016. In this Phase Per-Fluorinated Compounds (PFCs) are being monitored. In the current Phase surface water, sediments and biota samples have been collected from five rivers and Arabian Sea. The sample pretreatment has been completed in National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL) of PCRWR. The professional from PCRWR along with the pretreated samples have to participate in analysis session to be held on 11th 13th January, 2017 in Korea.
Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources has monitored the water quality of rivers Ravi and Sutlej with the collaboration of Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) Australia, under "Strategic Basin Assessment of Indus (Pakistan)"from August 2015 to July 2016. By selecting different strategic locations. Six (6) River water samples were collected per month, three (3) on each river. Nine (9) drain samples along with 18 nearby groundwater samples were collected per month to analyze effect of drains on groundwater quality. Ravi River water quality was more degraded than the Sutlej River, and lower water quality was observed in low flow conditions (October to June) than in high flow conditions (July to September). Water quality typically declined further downstream. Not a single drain in the monitoring program complied with the Pakistan National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) for effluent waste streams. Most of the shallow ground water sources monitored were contaminated with physicochemical and microbiological contaminants, heavy metals and even pesticides
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