Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) was established in 1964 and is working as a body corporate vide PCRWR Act 2007 under Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST). The management of the Council consists of the Board of Governors, the Chairman and the Executive Committee. Since its inception, PCRWR has played its role as a national research organization by undertaking and promoting research in various disciplines of water sector, more specifically, irrigation, drainage, surface and groundwater management, groundwater recharge, watershed management, desertification control, rainwater harvesting, water quality assessment and monitoring, water conservation and development of water quality improvement technologies, etc. With its Headquarter in Islamabad, its eight Regional Offices/Research Centers are located at Tandojam, Quetta, Bahawalpur, Lahore, Peshawar, Karachi, Gilgit and Muzaffarabad.

  • To undertake, collaborate and coordinate site-specific research in all fields of water resources.
  • To develop a system for the collection and dissemination of hydrological data, for designing and planning water development schemes.
  • To study problems concerning channelization and distribution of water resources in the country.
  • To identify suitable engineering approaches with regard to water diversion and distribution for the minor irrigation projects.
  • To develop water resources utilization strategies by adopting advance irrigation techniques.
  • To design a stable base for irrigated agriculture in areas affected by hill torrents, erratic flash floods and hostile climatic conditions.
  • To study the rural water supply problems including water quality and water quantity.
  • To estimate hydrological parameters of closed basins, for prediction of runoff and rainwater harvesting potential.
  • study and identify development of mini hydel-power systems.
  • To develop material and equipment for adoption of advanced irrigation and drainage techniques etc.

ICT Based Technologies (Real Time Flow Measurement)

Flow is continuously measured by instrumenting 10 canals:
The flow data is displayed remotely using advance communication technology

Rainwater Harvesting & Groundwater Recharge

Rooftop rainwater harvesting
Soakway / recharge pit

Discharge Measurement - ADCP

  • PCRWR is most probably the first Govt Institution in Pakistan to obtain ADCP (River Ray and River Pro) under a collaborative study with UNESCO for obtaining River Morphology.
  • Japanese experts gave high level trainings to the professionals of PCRWR in Pakistan and in Indonesia during 2017-18
  • PCRWR operated ADCP successfully on more than 60 sites in Punjab at 4 major rivers (Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej) during 2017-19
  • Several trainings have been given to the various concerned departments of Pakistan by PCRWR
  • On special request of KPK Irrigation Department, PCRWR validated the discharges and obtained the river cross-sections using ADCP at 6 sites in 2020
  • On special request of IRSA, PCRWR validated the discharges and obtained the river cross-sections using ADCP at 2 sites in Sindh and Baluchistan in 2020
Launching Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring

To monitor the variations in groundwater storage, Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) has established a satellite based groundwater monitoring system with collaboration of University of Washington (UW), USA under NASA-SERVIR and NASA Water program. This program of organizational capacity building of PCRWR was started in early 2015.
As a result of this collaborative capacity building program, PCRWR has acquired training at the University of Washington (USA) on processing of data from a satellite mission called Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE). Now, PCRWR has become one of the premier leading organizations to independently process GRACE data and derive maximum benefit from NASA’s free available satellite datasets for the monitoring of basin scale water storage in the region.

Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report September, 2017

Current Synopsis (Data up to April, 2017)
Background Info

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Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report January, 2017

Current Synopsis (Data up to January 2017)

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Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report November, 2016

Current Synopsis (Data up to July 2016)

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Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report June, 2016

Current Synopsis (Data up to March 2016)

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Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report April, 2016

Current Synopsis (Data up to April 2016)

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Satellite Based Groundwater Monitoring Report January, 2016

Current Synopsis (Data up to September 2015)

View Here

Geographic Information System (GIS) and Hydrological Modeling Centre (HMC)

The Council has successfully established Geographic Information System (GIS) Hydrologic Modeling Centre (HMC) at PCRWR Headquarter, Islamabad. The research facilities are briefly described below:

Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) Centre:

GIS is a state of the art system of hardware, software and procedures to facilitate the management, manipulation, analysis, modeling, representation and display of spatial data to solve complex problems regarding planning and management of resources, whereby remotely sensed data is mostly used in addition to manual data. The GIS and RS Centre now has been completely established at the PCRWR

Headquarter with state-of the-art equipment, professionals and inter-alia latest GIS/RS softwares. That are being used to manage visualize and analyze the homogeneous/heterogeneous spatial datasets and subsequently results/recommendations are disseminated to the concerned authorities.

Hydrological Modeling Centre (HMC):

The Hydrological Modeling Centre is fully equipped with latest modeling tools and softwares. Hydrological modeling is the assessment, monitoring, prediction and analysis of surface and groundwater resources. The interdisciplinary nature of water resource problems require the integration of technical, economic, environmental, social, and legal aspects, into a coherent analytical framework. With increasing competition for water across sectors and regions, the river basin has been recognized as the appropriate unit of analysis, for addressing the challenges of water resources management. Modeling at this scale can provide essential information for policymakers to help decision making. These facilities help in conducting research activities in areas of waterlogging, salinization, groundwater mining, water pollution and flood forecasting. The regional issues in addition to those at national scale can also be simulated by utilizing fine resolution data.

Groundwater Management and Investigation Cell

The state of art equipment is available with the PCRWR Headquarter, Islamabad for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the sub-surface water. The Council has conducted a number of exploratory surveys to delineate underground lithology of the aquifer as well as its quality and extent. It also offers its services for private sector on subsidized rates. The Council has indigenously developed low-cost water level indicators and hydro-salinity samplers for the measurement of water-table depth and groundwater quality. The instruments are being extensively used in the field to develop maps for depth to water-table, as well as for physical ground truthing of the resistivity survey and spatial distribution of hydro-salinity.

Mapping and Design of Soil and Water Conservation Practices

The Water Management Section of the Council is equipped with state of the art surveying equipment such as differential GPS, Total Station, Map Digitizers etc; processing softwares like ArcGIS, Surfer, Coordinate Translators, Erdas Imagine; jumbo size peripheral devices such as plotters and scanners, under the use of highly skilled professionals. The Council has conducted a number of surveys in remote and rugged areas to develop comprehensive 2-D and 3-D topographic maps in order to plan and design various soil and water conservation and management practices like, rainwater harvesting, surface and lift irrigation systems, mini and small dams, storm water drainage channels, artificial groundwater recharge structures, farm layout improvements, precision land leveling, high efficiency irrigation systems, construction of retaining walls and check structures etc. The Council also offers those services and consultancies on subsidized rates, to public and private sector organizations and farmers.

National Water Quality Laboratory (NWQL)

The NWQL is a premier laboratory of water quality in Pakistan. In a short span of time, it has established itself as a centre of excellence in water quality management, by upgrading its infrastructure and improving the expertise of its professionals. It has the capacity to analyze more than 114 water quality parameters (drinking, irrigation and wastewater) and is fully capable to support industry, research institutes and universities in this area. The NWQL has three main sections: Microbiological Analysis Section; Chemical Analysis Section; and Wastewater Analysis Section. The National Water Quality Laboratory has the capability to analyze the following physical, chemical, microbiological parameters and trace elements.

Physical/Aesthetic Parameters: Colour, Odour, pH, Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Turbidity and Taste.

Chemical Parameters: Alkalinity, Ammonia, Bicarbonate, Calcium, Carbonate, Chloride, Conductivity/Total Dissolved Salts (TDS), Fluoride, Free Chlorine, Magnesium, Nitrate, Nitrite, Nitrogen, Phosphate, Phosphorus, Hardness, Sodium, Sulphate, 54 Potassium, Persistent Organic Pollutants, Oil and Grease, Silica, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Free CO2 and Chlorine.
Trace Elements: Arsenic, Boron, Cadmium, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Mercury and Zinc.
Microbiological Parameters: Total Coliforms, Fecal Coliforms, E. Coli, Total Plate Count.

The Laboratory has achieved continuation of accreditation for 26 water quality parameters, after the successful surveillance audit of the Laboratory Quality System. After which a full assessment of NWQL simultaneously by Norwegian Akkrediterign (NA) and Pakistan National Accreditation Council (PNAC) on September 8-9, 2010 and another full assessment by PNAC on February 19-20, 2013 have been conducted. The last assessment audit was performed by PNAC on July 2015.

Library, Documentation and Information Centre (LDIC)

PCRWR has precious library having large information and data resources not only for water sector but also for allied sectors especially agriculture industry and social sectors.
Major functions of this Section are to collect process and disseminate national information related to water resources through library, databank, and regular/occasional publications of the PCRWR and other organizations. There are three sub-sections of LDIC, which provide the following facilitates in order to support the research and development activities.

Library: A collection of more than twelve thousand books, journals proceedings and technical/research reports on water resources and

related fields. The main function of the library is to provide standard library services to engineers, scientists, researchers and policy makers, working in the field of water resources. An access to ‘Digital Library’ through HEC for a number of multi disciplinary databases is also available for the scientists/researchers of the PCRWR and other organizations, as well as students from different colleges and universities.
Databank: There are more than 16000 bibliographic records available in the computerized databank pertaining to the library collection of PCRWR and its outfits, as well as WAPDA 56 Directorates, Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering Lahore, Irrigation Research Institute Lahore, Universities of Agriculture Faisalabad and Peshawar etc.
Trace Publication Section: Information is disseminated through regular and occasional publications of the PCRWR such as newsletter, research/technical reports, books, manuals, annual reports and proceedings of the seminars/ workshops etc.

Soil Physics Laboratory

Soil Physics is an important discipline that deals with physical properties and processes of soil for assessment of its behavior under natural and managed conditions. It applies principle of physics, physical chemistry, engineering and metrology for addressing the problems and issues of hydrology, ecology, agriculture and engineering. To meet the emerging challenges in these fields, PCRWR has established a Soil Physics Laboratory at its Headquarters Islamabad. The laboratory is equipped with facilities of determining soil physical, hydraulic and chemical properties. The equipment commissioned in the laboratory include Soil Moisture Extractor Apparatus for developing Soil Moisture Retention Curve from 1 bar to 15 bar, and Heins Apparatus for the retention curve from 0 to 0.2 bar, soil texture analysis by hydrometer and pipette methods, soil texture

analysis by mechanical shaker, soil chemical analysis by getting soil saturated extract, Infiltrometers tests etc. Time Domain Reflectometer for manual as well as automatic real time monitoring of soil moisture profile at multiple sites at desired time span and interval is also working in the laboratory. PCRWR has also developed a Laboratory Manual for facilitation of relevant researchers and technicians.


  • Soil Moisture Retention
  • Soil Texture Analysis
  • Soil Chemical Analysis
  • Infiltration rate and Saturated Conductivity
  • Real time soil moisture profile by TDR
Commercialization and Innovation Cell (CIC)

The innovation is a key factor for national industrial competitiveness, a Commercialization and Innovation Cell (CIC) has also been established at PCRWR Headquarter Islamabad, to manufacture, market and sell its products and services. Sale points have also been established at Headquarter and Regional Office/Centres under Commercialization and Innovation Cell.

The following R & D are developed by PCRWR

Safe Water Filter

Patent no. 141363

Capacity: 18L
Material: Acrylic
Flow Rate: 3 L/H
Usage: Removal of Bacteria/Arsenic /Turbidity
Shelf Life: Cartridge 4 years
Working Life Cartridge 2 years
Price Rs. 4000/Per Unit
Simultaneous removal of Bacteria, Arsenic & Turbidity

Patent No. 141363

Treatment Capacity: 18L
Packaging: 9 ML
Usage: Removal of Bacteria/Arsenic /Turbidity
Shelf Life: 3 Year
Price: Rs. 25/ Sachet

Microbiological Testing Kit

Patent No. 141361

Capacity: Single Test
Test Range: Presence/ Absence (Bacteria)
Shelf Life: 2 Years
Price: Rs 250/ kit

Arsenic Testing Kit

Patent No. 141362

Capacity: 100 Tests
Test Range: 0-250 ppb
Shelf Life: 5 Years

Water Disinfection Tablets

Treatment Capacity: 20 L
Treatment Time: 30 Minutes
Packaging: 30 Tablet/Pack
Shelf Life: 2 Years
Price: Rs. 150/Pack
Active Ingredient: 33 mg

Water Disinfection Tablets

Treatment Capacity: 500 Gallons
Treatment Time: 30 Minutes
Packaging: 10 Tablets/Bottle
Shelf Life: 2 Years
Price: Rs. 1000/Bottle
Active Ingredient: 3300 mg


  1. Tensiometer tell us when to apply water.
  2. It measures soil moisture suction(because of depletion of available moisture) upto 80 centi bars.
  3. The rootzone measuring lengths are 1ft, 2ft and 3ft
  4. 2500 Rs/piece


  1. Bubblers applies water in small fountain form to the plants.
  2. Those are suitable for orchard trees with relatively high water requirements.
  3. Bubblers are supplied water through small pipelines.
  4. Better replicate of drippers in high ET areas.